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Kwashiorkor

Overview

Kwashiorkor is malnutrition caused by severe protein deficiency, it primarily affects children. Common in developed countries. This disease was first found in Ghana in 1930.

Term Kwashiorkor means “disease of displaced child”.


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Causes

 Famines, low level of education, limited food supply are main reasons of kwashiorkor. Disease is common in poor countries, and often occurs during natural disaster like drought or any other kind of political unrest.

Lack of food lead to malnutrition.


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Signs & Symptoms
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Decrease muscle mass
  • Change in texture of hair
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Rash
  • Irritability
  • Protruding belly
  • Apathy
  • Infections( because of damaged immune system )
  • Swelling
  • Shock (occurs at last stage)
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Prevention

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Treatments
Dietary changes Modern Medicine

Treatment of kwashiorkor is by adding protein and calories to diet.

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