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Cerebral Palsy

Overview

The cerebral palsy is a wide term that comprises of a group of non-progressive, non-contagious motor conditions. These lead to physical disability in the human development. The disability chiefly affects various areas of the body movement. There are four main types of cerebral palsy, they are: - spastic is the most common type of cerebral palsy. Spastic hemiplegia- one sided affect of the brain, is the second type of palsy disease. The spastic diplegia is a condition where the lower parts of the bodies are affected. The Spastic quadriplegia is a condition where all the four limbs are affected.


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Causes

Cerebral palsy is sometimes idiopathic in nature. In certain cases exposure to radiation during the intrauterine development, hypoxia of brain, asphyxia before birth, and birth traumas during the labor and delivery may also lead to this disease. This disease is more commonly seen in the multiple births.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient suffering from cerebral palsy has the following symptoms namely:-

  • The patient may suffer from the abnormal muscle one.
  • There may be reflexes, motor development and lack of coordination.
  • The joints and bone deformities are seen in the patients.
  • The patient may suffer from involuntary movements, spasms, unsteady gait etc.
  • Scissor walking and toe walking are also seen common in these patients.
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Prevention

There is no prevention of the cerebral palsy.


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Treatments
Rehabilitation Modern Medicine

There is no cure for the cerebral palsy, though certain therapies can be used for healthy living of the patient. It is believed that the earlier the treatment begins the better chances of recovery of the children. Physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy are some of the ways of treatment. Drugs are given to control the seizures and alleviate pain. Benzodiazepienes and intrathecal phenol/baclofen are the drugs of choice. Botox treatment is given to relax the contracting muscles; hyperbaric oxygen treatment is also given to the patients of cerebral palsy. The side treatments are numerous and they are completely focused on making the life of the patient as smoothly as possible.

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