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Why vertigo?

Dr. Shalini Kapoor Kad
May 1, 2011

A homoeopathic paediatrician, a counselling expert and a freelance writer are a few words to describe my profession. My sole aim is to put forth practical piece of information that guides every one right in the direction, blending the medicos to a layman with a simple gesture to make the medical things a little less convoluted and comprehendible.


Vertigo although is not a much talked disease or condition it still is present in many people. If you are having a feeling of spinning or moving of your surrounding or even yourself, then these can be symptoms of vertigo. But this feeling should not be confused with dizziness or hallucinations which are altogether different things.  In simple terms, vertigo is a perception in which you feel that the surroundings around you are moving.

Causes of vertigo

The problem in brain or even the inner ear is generally the main cause of vertigo.

  • Benign paroxysmal position vertigo or BPPV is one of the most common types of vertigo. Its main properties are motion sensation which is initiated by instant moving of head in certain direction. This vertigo is not very serious and can be treated easily.  
  • Many times this condition arises due to the inflammation inside the internal ear called as labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis.  In such type of vertigo, the symptoms appear suddenly and the patient may even experience loss of hearing. Viral or bacterial infection of the inner ear is generally the main reason of labyrinthitis.
  • Meniere's disease is also associated with vertigo and constitutes all three symptoms associated to it like hearing loss, vertigo episodes of spinning and tinnitus or ringing in ears. Such people suffer with coming up of severe vertigo abruptly, and many times there are no symptoms at all. 
  • A grave type of tumor called as acoustic neuroma which affects the nerve tissue can also cause vertigo symptoms. In this case the main vertigo symptoms are hearing loss and ringing in ear.  
  • Many times the brain starts receiving less blood because of bleeding in the brain’s back side called as cerebellar hemorrhage.  This can lead to vertigo, walking difficulty, headache and more importantly the person’s eyes look away from the place of wound. There can be impairment in walking.
  • Multiple sclerosis also shows symptoms of vertigo and the onset too is very abrupt. On proper examination of such patients it is usually found that the eyes suffer from the inability to make movement beyond the midline in the direction of nose..
  • Neck injury or head trauma has been also found to be the cause of vertigo but it goes as the wound heals.
  • Migraine is also sometimes the causes of vertigo but it do not last long and wanes away when original condition is treated.
  • Arteriosclerosis caused by diabetes can lower the blood flow to the brain leading to vertigo symptoms.  


Most of the times the vertigo problem is owing to the other conditions or diseases and when those are taken care off with proper medication, the symptoms of vertigo too goes away. But even then if you are suffering from vertigo, then its better to get it discussed with the doctor as the underlying reason can be graver than appears superficially. So in a way this condition is also the alarm raised by body to make you aware of some other problems in your body mechanism.

Comments on this Article:
Posted By : Anonymous         on :March 6, 2016

Don't know if I have vertigo, but I have been getting a weird sensation in my head & balance when I stand up, walk around. Fearful to take a shower, bend down to look at something. When I drive, sit, or lay down the feeling subsides. Have had 2 C-Scan, everything was fine. I don't feel dizzy, but do feel like I am moving, like I'm trying to balance in a small boat, or that elevator sensation. Can't sweep, or feel like I will fall.sometimes my ear feels like it's closing on me, and sometimes I hear a very high pitch, low sound in my head.

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